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Two more of our students, Disha Agarwal and Adam Witt, reflect on their field visits to Samuha.

Can you imagine drinking water contaminated with arsenic? I cannot.  But villagers in Koppal and Raichur districts in northern Karnataka are forced to consume drinking water with arsenic concentration as high as 50 PPB (WHO safety standard is 10 PPB). Diseases like skin cancer have been reported from this area. This is all because of gold mining in the area, which involves washing of gold with an arsenic solution that later percolates into the ground.

UNICEF is funding a pilot water filtration project set up by Samuha, a well-established NGO in this area. This picture above shows a small filtration unit installed in Samarthya, Samuha’s Disability Resource Group. They plan to scale this up and construct community-based water filtration systems. This would require technical and financial assistance.

Drinking water is one very basic necessity of life and I really think that access to safe drinking water is everyone’s right. Since arsenic contamination in groundwater has a high cost to the society, this problem requires immediate attention. Gold is an expensive mineral and can earn high profits to the mine owners but only at the expense of the lives of these poor people. Sharing mining royalty or profits with the villagers is certainly not the solution. Perhaps, safer ways of processing gold should be adopted to prevent putting the lives of people at stake.

-Disha Agarwal

My trip to Samuha gave me insights into the structure of a well respected NGO.  Their success is built on a foundation of trust, persistence and adaptability.  The trust that local villages put in Samuha was palpable.  It was evident in the faces of the local farmers who enthusiastically showed us their fields, trenches and compost piles made possible through a partnership with the Trench Cum Bund program.  It was clear in the face of the mother in Koppal, who brings her child more than 50km each day to receive therapeutic treatment for his disabilities through Samarthya.  The persistence of the Asare program has helped villagers gain access to a fair price for a variety of essential goods.  The Chulika Cookstove Initiative has required the perseverance of many individuals who consistently gather field data and relay critical findings to interested investors.  In every program Samuha offers, a level of adaptability has been required to move forward.  The Non-Pesticide Management Initiative must adapt to seasonal fluctuations in weather that significantly impact market prices and business expectations.  The micro finance initiative demands flexibility so they can ensure their member’s livelihoods in times of desperation.   It is this combination of trust, persistence and adaptability that I will apply to the TextRA business model to make it a more meaningful social venture.

-Adam Witt

Last week, we at the Acara Summer Institute took a break from our classroom work and spent four days observing successful social ventures. We traveled to remote areas, interacting with local villagers and staff and getting a feel for the problems they face, as well as the innovative ways in which those problems are being addressed. I think it’s fair to say that we all stepped out of our comfort zones at least once (and some for longer than others), but that, too, was an important part of the learning process.

Part of the group traveled to the village of Kanakagiri in the Koppal district of Karnataka. Samuha, our host organization, works to improve quality of life for vulnerable populations, including women, children, persons with disabilities, and villagers living in drought-prone areas. We heard about several of their many initiatives, from distributing energy-efficient cookstoves to providing products and services to people with disabilities to training young people to work in rural Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) centers.

The rest traveled to the Covenant Centre for Development in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. They learned of CCD’s efforts to use local skills and resources to promote community development, visiting sites such as a mango pulping factory and a village founded around the teachings of Gandhi.

In our next few posts we will be sharing some observations from the students themselves.  Our first authors, Jeff Schmidt and Julie Warner, both traveled to Samuha.

The devil is in the details. Our four days with Samuha out among the villages of northern Karnataka crystalized that notion for me, both as it applies toward trying to launch a successful social venture as well as the more mundane aspects of life.

First the mundane. It’s important to remember the little things when heading out to rural areas. Like a flashlight.  You might think this is a minor detail. Well, I forgot a light, you might say, I just won’t go for walks by myself after dark. And then you find yourself waking in the dark early hours with a bit of Delhi Belly and the prospect of using an already unfamiliar squat toilet, and your hand, in the pitch black. The devil.

But the Divine is also in the details. The Divine is realizing the whole experience is improved by candlelight, anyway. And that having a bit of the old DB is an excellent way to quickly become a pro at the squat toilet and hand wipe.

Turning to more venture specific learnings, it became more apparent with each village visit or program presentation and the stories that went along with them, that planning is one thing and implementation quite another. Your customers, the wider community, government people, the weather, the roads, wild rabid cats: none of these will care whether your business model indicates you will be profitable by Q2 of the second year. In fact, they will likely all conspire against it. And you won’t learn anything about the details that are waiting to sabotage the best laid plans by laying more plans. You can only learn it by getting involved deeply with the community you are hoping to serve, paying close attention to the tiny, very consequential details, and adjusting and revising you plans constantly with you customer always in mind.

-Jeff Schmidt

Chulika cookstove

The above photo portrays a villager preparing food in her home using two Chulika stoves.  In an Indian household, the kitchen, or area where food is prepared, is considered a sacred space.  Our Samuha hosts spoke of Lakshmi, Goddess of Prosperity.  When Lakshmi is present in the kitchen, there will be an abundance of nourishment.  The stove, on which food is cooked, is integral to this spirituality.

The villagers participating in the Chulika Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project, in order to receive the more efficient wood-burning Chulikas, were required to destroy their old stoves to ensure the integrity of carbon reduction from the new stoves.  Thus villagers took a leap of faith in their willingness prepare food on this new stove.  Issues of culture and spirituality can unexpectedly impact something as seemingly mundane as changing a stove.

-Julie Warner